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Arrow_left - History Vocab
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terrorism
the use of violence by non-governmental groups against civilians to achieve a political goal by instilling fear and frightening governments into changing policies
suffrage
the right to vote
subversion
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
state sponsored terrorism
violent acts against civilians that are secretly supported by a government in order to attack other nations without going to war
self-determination
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
segregation
the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
political machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
nullification
the failure or refusal of a U.S. state to aid in the enforcement of federal laws within its state limits
nuclear proliferation
the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
multinational corporation
large corporation with overseas investments
liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
isolationism
the avoidance of involvement in world affairs
internationalism
a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
insurrection
an act of rebellion against the established government
imperialism
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nation
impeachment
a formal accusation of misconduct in office against a public official
flexible response
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and has no tolerance for opposition
euro
the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999
ethnic cleansing
the expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of ethnic minorities by a dominant majority group
d├ętente
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
downsizing
reducing a company in size by laying off workers and managers to become more efficient
corporation
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person
containment
the policy designed to keep the Soviet Union from expanding its power
conservative
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
confederacy
a loose union of independent states; name of government used by the southern states that seceded during the Civil War
communism
an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
brinkmanship
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
bilingualism
the practice of teaching immigrant students in their own language
amnesty
the act of granting pardon to a large group of people