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All terms in this list:

drama: A play telling a story and intended to be represented by actors impersonating the characters and speaking the dialogue, showing emotion and imitating the action of the characters

fable: A fictional narration intended to teach a lesson or moral, usually with animals, birds etc as characters. Ex. Aesop's Fables.

agora: A marketplace or place where people meet and discus debate issues, especially in Classical Greece.

polis: A city, or a city-state.

peninsula: A piece of land that is surrounded on three sides by water. Balkan peninsula of Ancient Greece

Representative Democracy: government system where the citizen choose a smaller group of representatives to make the laws and governmental decisions on their behalf.

Direct Democracy: government system where the citizen meet in mass meetings to decide on law and government matters

satrapies: 20 divisions of the Persian empire by King Darius

helots: Ancient Spartan captive workers, comes from the Greek word for 'capture'

philosophers: Thinkers who ponder questions about life, literally means lover of wisdom.

democracy: a government where all citizens share in running the government

oligarchy: A government run by only a few, often the wealthy.

tyrant: someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority

myths: traditional stories about gods and heroes used to explain natural events. Myths usually express the religious beliefs of the author

oracle: A sacred shrine where a person such as a priest speaks for a god or goddess.

epic: An extended narrative poem celebrating the feats of a deity or demigod or other legendary or traditional hero.

legacy: What a person leaves behind when they die.

comedy: Ancient Greek light, amusing play with a happy ending.

tragedy: A drama where a person struggles to overcome difficulty but fails.

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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