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All terms in this list:

Molten: In melted form

inorganic: lifeless;having no characteristic of living things;not alive;not produced by living things

Magma: Hot molten minerals inside of the earth

Lava: Hot molten minerals on the earth's surface

felsic: made mostly of light colored minerals

mafic: made mostly of dark colored minerals

Silicate mineral: Minerals that contain both silica,and oxygen in their chemical composition

Igneous rocks: -A classification of rock that is formed by the rock cycle process of cooling and crystallization of molten minerals

sedimentary rock: A classification of rock that is formed by the rock cycle process of deposition,burial,and lithification

Metamorphic rock: A classification of rock that is formed when existing rocks have been changed by the rock cycle process of burial,heat,and pressure

rock cycle: -A continuous cycle of natural process that cause one classification of rock to become another classification of rock

paleomagnetic field: A record of the earth's magnetic field preserved by the alignment of magnetic minerals in the rocks of earth's crust at the time that the rocks were formed

metamorphism: to change the properties of any type of rock

supersaturation: The point at which the solution becomes overfilled with minerals and can no longer dissolve any more solid minerals

evaporite mineral: minerals that are precipitated out of solution

sediments: Bits and pieces of rocks or the remains of once living things

deposition: The processes of sediments being dropped on the earth’s surface

Element: matter that is made of only one kind of atom

Radioactive element: An element that decays to form a new more stable element

compound: matter that is made of two or more elements

Rock: A naturally formed,solid material made of one or more minerals

mineral: A solid naturally made inorganic element or compound that has a one of a kind chemical composition and a definite arrangement of atoms.

solution: A mixture of dissolved minerals and liquid (salt water)

precipitate: To cause solid minerals to be separated from a solution

luster: A property that shows the way a mineral reflects light

streak: The property that shows the true color of a mineral

hardness: A property that shows how well a mineral resists being scratched

Crystallization: The cooling and hardening of molten minerals

compaction: The process of sediments being pressed tightly together

lithification: The process of sediments being compacted and centered together

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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