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Gymnosperm: a woody, vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by and ovary or fruit

Vascular plant: A plant that has specialized tissues that conduct materials from one part of the plant to another

Non vascular: the three groups of plants that lack specialized conducting tissues and true roots, stems, and leaves

angiosperm: a flowering plant that produces seeds withing a fruit

clorophyll: a green pigment that captures light energy for photosynthesis

photosynthesis: the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food

cuticle: A waxy layer that covers the plant so it doesn't dry out.

producers: an organism that can make its own food by using energy from its surroundings

Chloroplasts: contains chlorophyll

Guard Cells: Guard cells open and close the stoma

sepal: in a flower, one of the outermost rings of modified leaves that protect the flower bud

xylem: The type of tissue in vascular plants that provides support and conducts water and nutrients from the roots

phloem: the tissue that conducts food in vascular plants

stoma: one of many openings in a leaf or a stem of a plant that enable gas exchange to occur

petal: one of the usually brightly colored leaf shaped parts that make up one of the rings of a flower

stamen: The male reproductive structure of a flower that produces pollen and consists of an anther at the tip of a filament

pistil: The female reproductive part of a flower that produces seeds and consists of an ovary, style, and stigma

ovary: in flowering plants, the lower part of a pistil that produces eggs in ovules

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