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All terms in this list:

Defibrillator: A defibrillator delivers a therapeutic dose of electrical energy to the affected heart. This depolarizes a critical mass of the heart muscle, terminated the dysrhythmia, and allows normal sinus rhythm to be reestablished by the body's natural pacemaker, i

Stent: Mesh "tube" inserted into a natural passage/conduit in the body to prevent or counteract a disease-induces, localized flow constriction

Pacemaker: Medical Device that uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contracting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart and maintain an adequate heart rate

Cauterizer: Burns part of the body to remove or close off a part of it, which destroys some tissue, in an attempt to mitigate damage, remove an undesired growth or minimize other potential harmful incidences such as infection

Cryoprobes: Application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue, also known as cryosurgery/cryotherapy

Gastroscope: Endoscope especially designed for passage into the stomach to permit examination of it interior. Hollow, cylindrical tube fitted with special lenses and lights and made of glass fibers for more flexibility

Duodenoscope: Endoscopic instrument, usually fiberoptic, inserted via the mouth for the visual examination of the duodenum

Colonoscope: Flexible lighted fiberoptic endoscope inserted per rectum to perform colonoscopy to see and photograph the mucosa and obtain biopsies of the colon

Flexible Sigmoidoscope: Procedure used to see inside the sigmoid colon and rectum to detect inflamed tissue, abnormal growth and ulcers, helping to diagnose changes in bowel habits, abdominal pain, bleeding or weight loss

Ultrasound Endoscope: A medical device in which endoscopy is combined with ultrasound to obtain images of the internal organs in the chest and abdomen,

Video Capsule: Instrument that records images of the digestive tract, is the size of a pill and contains a tiny camera. The primary use is to examine areas of the small intestine that cannot be seen by colonoscopy or EGD

Band Ligator: Used where a small band is applied to the base of the hemorrhoid, stopping the blood supply to the mass.

Sengstaken-Blakemore Tube: Medical device inserted through the nose or mouth and used occasionally in the management of UGI hemorrhage due to esophageal varices but rarely used due to endoscopic techniques

Balloon Dilator: Used in esophageal dilation that enlarges the lumen of the esophagus

APC Unit: Device used in argon plasma coagulation which is a endoscopic procedure primarily used to control bleeding from certain lesions in the GI Tract

PEG Tube: Endoscopic procedure in which a PEG tube is passed into a patient's stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate

Bone Chisel: Item used in ear-nose-throat and plastic/reconstructive surgical procedures

Bone Distractor: In a surgical process, used to reconstruct skeletal deformities and lengthen the long bones of the body. Corticotomy fractures the bone into two segments and the ends are gradually moved apart during the distraction phase, allowing new bone to form in the

Ilizarov Apparatus: In surgical procedures, used to lengthen or reshape limb bones, to treat complex and/or open bone fractures, and in cases of infected non-unions of bones that are not amenable to other techniques

Cannula: Latin for "little reed", a tube that can be inserted into the body, often for delivery or removal of fluid or for the gathering of data

Curette: Surgical instrument designed for scraping biological tissue or debris in a biopsy, excision or cleaning procedure, small band tool shaped like a stylus with a small scoop or gouge at the tip

Dilator: Surgical instrument used to induce dilation, expand on opening or passage such as cervix, urethra, esophagus or vaginal introitus

Dermatome: Surgical instrument used to produce thin slices of skin from a donor area in order to use them for making a skin graft

Debakey Forceps: Atraumatic tissue forcep used in vascular procedures to avoid tissue damage during manipulation with distinct coarsely ribbed grip panel

Kelly Forceps: Type of hemostat usually made of stainless steel, resembling a pair of scissors with the blade replaced with a blunted grip and a locking mechanism allows them to act as a clamp

Hypodermic Needle: Hollow needle commonly used with a syringe to inject substances into the body or extract fluids from it

Scalpel: Small and extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery and anatomical dissection

Mammotome: Vacuum assisted breast biopsy device that uses image guidance such as xray, MRI, ultrasound to perform breast biopsies

Needle Holder: Surgical instrument used to hold a suturing needle for closing wounds during suturing and surgical procedures

Retractor: Surgical instrument by which a surgeon can either actively separate the edges of an incision or wound or hold back underlying organs and tissue or body parts may be accessed

Laser Scalpel: For surgery, cutting or ablating living biological tissue by the energy of a laser light

Iris Scissors: Very small with an extremely sharp and fine tip either curved or straight

Speculum: Medical tool for investigating body cavities with a form dependent on the body cavity for which it is designed

Surgical Suture: Medical device used to hold body tissues together after an injury or surgery as application involves using a needle with an attached length of thread

Surgical Staples: Specialized staples used in surgery in place of sutures to close skin wounds or connect or remove parts of bowel or lungs faster, more accurately and consistently than by hand

Trocar: Medical instrument with a sharply pointed end that is used inside a hollow cylinder to introduce this into blood vessels or body cavities or ports in abdomen for laparoscopic surgery

Tissue Expander: Technique used by plastic and restorative surgeons to cause the body to grow additional skin, bone or other tissues

Gauze Sponge: Disposable medical supplies used every day in hospitals and medical offices to clean and help sterilize wounds

Rongeur: Instrument with a sharp-edged scoop-shaped tip used for gouging and out bone especially in orthopedic and neurosurgery and to expose areas for operation

Senn Retractor: Double-ended typically one end is L shaped and the other has three bent prongs used in hand and foot surgeries

Syringe: To clean or inject fluid by means of a syringe

Catheter: A small tube inserted into a body cavity to remove fluid, create an opening, distend a passageway or administer a drug

Nasogastric Tube: Tube used for feeding and administering drugs and other agents

Electrocardiograph: A device used in the diagnosis and detection of heart abnormalities that measures electric potentials on the surface of the body and creates a record (electrocardiogram) of the electrical currents associated with heart muscle activity

Blood Gas Analyzer: Measures the partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide gases and the pH in arterial blood

Ophthalmoscope: an instrument for examining the interior of the eye consisting of a concave mirror with a hole in the center and a source of light reflected into the eye by mirror and lens that can be rotated

Endoscope: an instrument used to examine a bodily orifice or canal, or a hollow organ

Ultracentrifuge: A high-speed centrifuge, especially one free from convection that is used to separate colloidal particles.

Enema: An injection of fluid into the rectum, usually for medical purposes.

Electroencephalograph: An instrument used for recording of electrical brain activity.

Ultrasonograph: A device for conducting ultrasound images

Xray: Uses x-rays to view a non-uniformly composed material such as the human body by capturing the x-rays that pass through the object by a detector

Electrocardiograph Machine: Use standard two-dimensional, three- dimensional and Doppler ultrasound to create images of the heart

MRI Machine: Machine using radiology to visualize internal structures of the body by use of property of nuclear magnetic resonance to create more detailed images than an xray

Linear Accelerator: Type of particle accelerator that greatly increases the velocity of charged subatomic particles or ions by subjecting the charged particles to a series of oscillating electric potentials along a linear beamline. They generate xrays and high energy electro

PET Machine: Positron-emitting radionuclide - Nuclear imaging device that produces a three-dimensional image of functional processes in the body.

SPECT Scan: Single-photon emission computed tomograph - Nuclear medicine imaging using a gamma camera able to provide true 3 D information

Stethoscope: A medical instrument used for listening to sounds produced within the body.

Sphygmomanometer: A device used to measure blood pressure.

Tuning Forks: Acoustic resonator in the form of a two pronged fork used to assess patients hearing

Thermometer: An apparatus used to measure temperature.

Nebulizer: A device used to convert liquid into a fine spray of aerosols, by the means of oxygen / compressed air / ultrasonic vibration; Sometimes also refered to as an atomizer.

Dialyser: Machine that performs dialysis, specifically that removes impurities from the blood from patients with malfunctioning kidneys

Otoscope: An instrument used for examining the eardrum and interior of the outer ear.

Medical Ventilator: Machine designed to mechanically move breathable air into the out of the lungs for those who are physically unable to breathe

Incubator: Any apparatus used to maintain environmental conditions suitable for a reaction such as to grow and maintain microbiological cultures or cell cultures

Vaccine Bath: Apparatus used in vaccine production, basically water baths with the temperature set very low

Thermal Cycler: A laboratory device in which a polymerase chain reaction is carried out repeatedly in cycles

Inoculation Loop: Smear loop, inoculation wand used by microbiologists to retrieve an inoculum from a culture of microrganisms

Vacuum Pump: A piece of equipment used for extraction of gas or vapour from an enclosed space, leaving the container with a partial vacuum.

Gas-Pak: Method used in production of an anaerobic environment to culture bacteria which die or fail to grow in presence of oxygen

Durham Tubes: Used in microbiology to detect production of gas by micro-organisms, smaller test tubes (where micro-organism is to be grown) inserted upside-down in another test tube

Vacutainer: Blood collection tube that is sterile glass or plastic with a closure that is evacuated to create a vacuum inside facilitating the draw of a predetermined volume of liquid. Most commonly used to draw blood samples directly from the vein or urine samples

Tissue Culture Bottles: Used to grow or keep alive cells or tissue from a living organism

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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