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Arrow_left - Basic Korean Vocabulary
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/nε/ "ne" yes
/jε/, "ye," yes
아니오
(/anio/, "anio") no
-님
(/nim/, "nim") respectful honorific suffix, someone you do not know well or is not a peer
-씨
(/ʃ^i/, "sshi") honorific suffix for one you do not know well, especially if they are probably a peer
-산생님
(/sʌnsæŋnim/, "seonsaengnim") honorific suffix for a teacher or other respected person
선생
(/sʌnsæŋ/, "seonsaeng") teacher (can be an honorific with -님)
안녕하세요
(/an:jʌŋhasejo/, "annyeonghaseyo") hello, lit: "are you peaceful?"
안녕
(/an:jʌŋ/, "annyeong") hi (shortened form of 안녕하세요 "annyeonghaseyo")
만나서 반갑습니다
(/man:asʌbangapsɯmnida/, "mannaseo bangabseumnida") Nice to meet/see you, lit: "I meet you, so I am pleased."
안녕히 가세요
(/an:jʌŋigasεjo/, "annjeonghigaseyo") good bye (to one leaving), lit: "Go in peace."
안녕히 계세요
(/an:jʌŋigesejo/, "annyeonghigyeseyo") goodbye (to one staying), lit: "Stay in peace."
수고하십니다
(/sugohaʃimnida/, "sugohashimnida") hello (to one working)
소고하세요
(/sugohasejo/, "sugohaseyo") goodbye (to one working)
수고하셨어요
(/sugohaʃʌs^ʌjo/, "sugohasheoseoyo") Thank you for helping me! Well done!
처음 뵙겠습니다
(/tʃʌɯmbwepg^es^ɯmnida/, "cheoeumbwepggesseumnida") Pleased to make your acquaintance! lit: "I see you for the first time."
또 뵙겠습니다
(/d^obwepg^es^ɯmnida/, "ddobwebgesseumnida") See you later (formal), lit: "I will humbly meet you again."
고맙습니다
(/komaps^ɯmnida/, "gomapsseumnida") thank you
감사합니다
(/kamsa:mnida/, "kamsahamnida") thank you
천만에요
(/tʃʌnmanεjo/, "cheonmaneyo") you're welcome, lit: "It's one of ten thousand [words]."
뭘요
(/mwʌl:jo/, "mweolyo") you're welcome
어서오세요
(/ʌsʌosejo/, "eoseooseyo") Welcome!, lit: "Come [in] right away!"
들어오게요
(/tɯɾʌosεjo/, "teuleooseyo") Come in!, lit: "Please enter!"
앉으세요
(/andʒɯsεjo/, "anjeuseyo") Please take a seat.
실례합니다
(/ʃillεhamnida/, "shillehamnida") Excuse me for what I am doing. lit: "I am committing a discourtesy."
실례했습니다
(/ʃil:εhæs^ɯmnida/, "shillyehaeseumnida") Excuse me for what I have done. lit: "I have committed a discourtesy."
실례하겠습니다
(/ʃil:εhagεs^ɯmnida/, "shillyehagesseumnida") Excuse me for what I am about to do. lit: "I am about to commit a discourtesy."
미안합니다
(/mianamnida/, "mianhamnida") I'm sorry, excuse me
죄송합니다
(/tʃwesoŋamnida/, "chwesonghamnida") I'm sorry, excuse me
아니오, 괜찮아요
(/anio gwæntʃanajo/, "anio, gwaenchanhayo") No, that's all right; no, thanks.
여보세요!
(/jʌbosεjo:/, "yeoboseyo") Hey there!, "hello" on the telephone or when you're not certain anyone is there, "over here!"
시간이 다 됐습니다
(/ʃiganidadwæs^ɯmnida/, "shigani da dwaesseumnida") It's time to begin/stop.
또 봐요
(/t^obwajo/, "ttobwayo") See you later! (polite), lit: "See you again."
그래요
(/kɯɾæjo/, "keuraeyo") Really?, That so?, Really.
용서하세요
(/joŋsʌhasεjo/, "yongseohaseyo") Please forgive me.
하나
(/hana/, "hana") one
(/tul/, "tul") two
(/sεt|/, "set") three
(/nεt|/, "net") four
다섯
(/tasʌt|/, "taseot") five
여섯
(/jʌsʌt|/, "yeoseot") six
일곱
(/ilgop|/, "ilgop") seven
여덟
(/jʌdʌl/, "yeodeol") eight
아홉
(/ahop|/, "ahop") nine
(/jʌl/, "yeol") ten
시작합시다
(/ʃiʤakhap|ʃida/, "shijakhapshida") Let's begin.
시작할까요?
(/ʃiʤakhalg^ajo/, "shijakhalggayo") Shall we start?
책을 보세요.
(/ʧægɯlbosεjo/, "chaegeulboseyo") Please look at your books. lit: "Book[d.o] please look at [it]."
(/ʧæk|/, "chaek") book
첫 페이지를 보세요.
(/ʧʌt|phεiʤiɾɯlbosεjo/, "cheot peijireul boseyo") Please look at the first page.
책을 보지 마세요.
(/ʧægɯlboʤimasεjo/, "chaegeul boji maseyo") Please don't look at your books.
다음 페이를 보세요.
(/taɯmphεiʤiɾɯlbosejo/, "taeum peijireul boseyo") Please look at the next page.
듣기만 하세요.
(/tɯt|k^imanasεjo/, "teutkiman haseyo") Just listen, please.
따라 하세요.
(/t^aɾahasεjo/, "ttarahaseyo") Please repeat [after me].
다같이.
(/tagaʧi/, "tagachi") All together.
다시 한번.
(/taʃihanbʌn/, "tashi hanbeon") One more time.
대답하세요.
(/tædaphasεjo/, "taedapaseyo") Please answer.
말하세요.
(/maɾasεjo/, "marhaseyo") Please speak, please say it, please talk.
다시 말씀해 주세요.
(/taʃimals^ɯmæʤusεjo/, "tashi malsseumhae juseyo") Please say it for me again, Please repeat.
크게 말씀해 주세요.
(/khɯgemals^ɯmæʤusεjo/, "keuge malsseumhae juseyo") Please say it loudly
천천히 말씀해 주세요.
(/ʧʌnʧʌnimals^ɯmæʤusεjo/, "cheoncheonhi malsseumhae juseyo") Please say it slowly.
한국말로 하세요.
(/hanguk|mal:ohasεjo/, "hangukmallo haseyo") Please say it in Korean.
영어로 하지 마세요.
(/jʌŋʌɾohaʤimasεjo/, "yeongeoro haji maseyo") Please don't say it in English.
알겠어요
(/algεs^ʌjo/, "algesseoyo") Do you understand? I understand. lit: "There is understanding."
모르겠어요.
(/moɾɯgεs^ʌjo/, "moreugesseoyo") I don't understand, lit: "There is no understanding."
질문
(/ʧilmun/, "chilmun") question
질문 있어요?
(/ʧilmunis^ʌjo/, "chilmun isseoyo") Any questions?
있어요
(/is^ʌjo/, "isseoyo") there is/there are
없아요
(/ʌp|sʌjo/, "eopseoyo") There is not/there are not, I don't have any.
십 분만 쉽시다.
(/ʃib^unmanʃwip|ʃida/, "shi bbunman shwipshida") Let's rest for ten minutes.
늦어서 죄송합니다.
(/nɯʤʌsʌʤwεsonŋhamnida/, "neujeoseo joesonghamnida") Sorry I'm late.
...입니다.
(/imnida/, "iminida") I am...
의자
(/øʤa/, "euija") chair
(/mom/, "mom") body
(/non/, "non") paddy field
아마
(/ama/, "ama") perhaps
삼만
(/sam:an/, "samman") thirty thousand
언니
(/ʌn:i/, "eonni") older sister of a female, friendly honorific for a female from a female junior
아래
(/aɾæ/, "arae") below
일원
(/iɾwʌn/, "irweon") one won
설화
(/sʌɾhwa/, "seorhwa"), tale, legend
몰라요.
(/mol:ajo/, "mollayo") I don't know.
실려
(/ʃil:ε/, "shillye") discourtesy
(/mul/, "mul") water
실망
(/ʃilmaŋ/, "shilmang") disappointment
(/hjʌ/, "hyeo") tongue
(/him/, "him") strength
시험
(/ʃi[h]ʌm/, "shi[h]eom") examination
안녕히
(/an:jʌŋi/, "annyeonghi") in good health
많이
(/mani/, "manhi") much, lots
전혀
(/ʧʌnjʌ/, "chunhyeo") (not) at all
(/sal/, "sal") flesh
(/s^al/, "ssal") hulled rice
(/ʃi/, "shi") poem
(/s^i/, "sshi") seed
쉽시다
(/ʃwip|ʃida/, "shwipshida") Let's rest.
(/pul/, "bul") fire
(/phul/, "pul") grass
(/p^ul/, "bbul") horn
(/tal/, "dal") moon
(/thal/, "tal") mask
(/t^al/, "ddal") daughter
(/kæ/, "gae") dog
(/khæ/, "kae") digs out
(/k^æ/, "ggae") sesame
자요
(/ʧajo/, "chayo") sleeps
차요
(/ʧhajo/, "chayo") is cold
짜요
(/ʧ^ajo/, "jjayo") is salty
(/i/, "i") this
(/kɯ/, "geu") that
(/to/, "do") also, too
-이, -가
(/i/, "i"; /ga/, "ga") [subject marker]; use -이 after consonants and -가 after vowels
-아니에요
(/aniεjo/, "anieyo") [it] is not
-이에요, -예요
(/iεjo/, "ieyo"; /εjo/, "yeyo") [it] is; use -이에요 after consonants, -예요 after vowels. Pronounce -예요 as -에요; the extra y in spelling is an artifact of the i in -이에요.
(/ʧʌ/, "jeo") yon
일본
(/ilbon/, "ilbon") Japan
중국
(/ʧuŋguk|/, "chungguk") China
미국
(/miguk/, "miguk") [The United States of] America
영국
(/jʌŋguk/, "yeongguk") England
한국
(/hanguk/, "hanguk") Korea
러시아
(/ɾʌʃia/, "reoshia") Russia
캐나다
(/khænada/, "kaenada") Canada
홍콩
(/hoŋkhoŋ/, "hongkong") Hong Kong
호주
(/hoʤu/, "hoju") Australia
독일
(/togil/, "dogil") Germany
프랑스
(/phɯɾaŋsɯ/, "peurangseu") France
외국
(/wεguk|/, "oeguk") foreign country
(/kuk/, "guk") land, nation
-어
(/ʌ/, "eo") language [of a country] (suffixed to country name)
(/mal/, "mal") word, language
교수
(/kjosu/, "gyosu") professor (with -님, can be an honorific)
의사
(/øsa/, "euisa") doctor, physician
은행
(/ɯnhæŋ/, "eunhaeng") bank
은행원
(/ɯnhæŋwʌn/, "eunhaengweon") banker
-원
(/wʌn/, "weon") employee of (as suffix)
회사
(/hwεsa/, "hoesa") company
회사원
(/hwεsawʌn/, "hwesaweon") company employee
(/ʧip|/, "jip") house, home
사람
(/saɾam/, "saram") person
아내
(/anæ/, "anae") wife (mine)
집사람
(/ʧip|saɾam/, "jipsaram") wife (mine), lit: "house person"
보인
(/puin/, "buin") wife (someone else's)
남편
(/nampjʌn/, "nampyeon") husband
나라
(/naɾa/, "nara") country, nation
사장
(/saʤaŋ/, "sajang") company president (with -님 can be an honorific)
친구
(/ʧingu/, "chingu") friend
학생
(/haksæŋ/, "haksaeng") student
가수
(/kasu/, "gasu") pop singer
위교관
(/wεgjogwan/, "oegyogwan") diplomat
박사
(/pak|sa/, "baksa") Ph.D. (with -님, an honorific, basically Dr.-)
제품
(/ʧεphum/, "jepum") manufactured product
신문
(/ʃinmun/, "shinmun") newspaper
잡지
(/ʧap|ʤi/, "japji") magazine
공책
(/koŋʧæk|/, "gongchaek") notebook
분필
(/punphil/, "bunpil") chalk
연필
(/jʌnphil/, "yeonpil") pencil
볼펜
(/polphen/, "bolpen") ball-point pen (also, just 펜, "pen")
성냥
(/sʌŋnjaŋ/, "seongnyang") matches
담배
(/tambæ/, "dambae") tobacco, cigarettes
종이
(/ʧoŋi/, "jongi") paper
칠판
(/ʧilphan/, "chilpan") blackboard
와인
(/wain/, "wain") wine
(/sul/, "sul") alcohol, booze
위스키
(/wisɯkhi/, "wiseuki") whiskey
전부
(/ʧʌnbu/, "jeonbu") the whole thing, total
(/ta/, "da") all
전부 다
(/ʧʌnbuda/, "jeonbu da") everything, all of it
수입품
(/suiphum/, "suipum") imported goods
인삼
(/insam/, "insam") ginseng
인삼조
(/insamʤu/, "insamju") ginseng wine
피아노
(/phiano/, "piano") piano
우산
(/usan/, "usan") umbrella