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All terms in this list:

Acromial: The point at the top of the shoulder

Anastomosis: A connection between two distinct structures

Antecubital: The front of the elbow

Anterior: At the front. Opposite of the posterior.

Apoptosis: A process of programmed cell death by which cells undergo an ordered sequence of events which lead to death of the cell, as occurs during growth and development of the organism, as a part of normal cell aging, or as a response to cellular injury.

Arterio: Pertaining to the arteries

arthro: Joints

Articulate: United by joints

Axillary: Of or pertaining to the axilla or armpit; as, axillary gland, artery, nerve.

Bifurcate: To divide or fork into two channels or branches.

Branchial: Pertaining to the arm

Bronchial: Of or relating to the bronchi or bronchioles.

Buccal: Of or relating to the cheek or, more rarely, the mouth.

Calcaneal: Heel

Cardiac: Pertaining to the heart.

Carotid: Pertaining to the carotid artery, the primary artery of the neck

Carpal: Wrist

Caudal: Pertaining to the tail or posterior or hind part of a body.

Celiac: Of, pertaining to or located within the abdomen or abdominal cavity.

Cephalic: Of or referring to the head; headlike

Cervical: Of the neck or cervix.

Coxal: Hip

Crural: Pertaining to the leg.

Cutaneous: Of, relating to, existing on, or affecting the skin.

Cyanosis: A blue discolouration of the skin due to the circulation of blood low in oxygen.

Cytology: The study of cells.

Dermatology: The branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the skin

Dichotomy: Divide into two parts

Digital: Fingers

Distal: Remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle. Opposite of proximal.

Dorsal: Toward or situated on the back. Opposite of ventral.

Dysplasia: A change in cell size, shape or arrangement due to chronic irritation or inflammation

Embryology: The scientific study of embryos.

Endocrinology: The study of the endocrine glands of the human body, the hormones produced by them, and their related disorders

Epidemiology: Science of factors that influence the frequency and distribution of infectious diseases.

Epigastric: Upper, central, anterior abdominal area

Femoral: Thigh

Fibular: Side of the leg

Frontal: Forehead

Gastric: Pertaining to the stomach

Gerontology: The study of old age and its diseases

Gluteal: Buttock

Gynecic: Pertaining to women

Heme: Blood

Herpatic: Liver

Histology: Study of tissues

Hyperplasia: An increase in the size of a tissue or organ due to increased number of cells.

Hypertrophy: An increase in the size of an organ due to swelling of the individual cells

Hypogastric: Lower, central, anterior abdominal region. Same as the pubic region

Illiac: Lower, anterior abdomen on either side. Same as the inguinal region

Immunology: Study of immunity

Inguinal: Groin

itis: A medical condition accompanied by inflammation.

Jugular: Pertaining to the neck

Lateral: At or toward the side, away from the midline of the body. Opposite of medial

Ligament: Band of connective tissue that connects the bone to bone

Lingual: TONGUE

Lumbar: Related to the lower back or loin. Around the lumbar vertebrae.

Lumen: Inflammation

Mammary: Breast

Medial: On or toward the midline of a body or structure. Opposite of lateral

Mediastinum: A subdivision of the thoracic cavity containing the pericardial cavity.

Mediastinum: A subdivision of the thoracic cavity containing the pericardial cavity.

Mental: Chin

Mesenteric: Pertaining to the fold of peritoneum attaching the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall

Morphology: A scientific study of body, form and structure, usually without regard to function.

Necrosis: Death of a cell group of cells due to injury or disease.

Neonate: A newborn infant, up to four weeks old.

Nephrology: The branch of medicine that deals with the function and diseases of the kidneys.

Occipital: Pertaining to the back of the head

Olecranon: Elbow

ology: Study of.

Oncology: Study of cancer.

Ophthalmologist: An MD specializing in the eye deficiencies of vision requiring correction, and diseases.

Optic: Eyes

Optometrist: A person trained and skilled in examining and testing the eyes for defects, in order to prescribe corrective lenses or treatment

Oral: Mouth

Orbital: Cavity in which the eyes rest.

Osis: Disease

Otic: Ear

Parietal: Of or pertaining to the wall of a body part, organ or cavity.

Patellar: Knee

Pathology: The scientific study of the alterations produced by disease

Pectoral: Pertaining to the chest or breast.

Pedal: Top of the foot, near the ankle and toes

Peri: Around

Perineal: Region between the anus and the external genitalia

Periodontist: Dentist who specializes in the care of the gums and tissues around a tooth

Plantar: The sole of the foot.

Pleura: The smooth serous membrane which closely covers the lungs and the adjacent surfaces of the thorax. Area surrounding the lungs.

Plexus: A network or interwoven mass, of nerves, blood vessels, veins, or lymphatic vessels.

Podiatry: Study and care of the feet

Popliteal: Posterior aspect of the knee

Posterior: Located behind, or towards the rear of an object. Opposite of anterior.

Proctology: Branch of medicine dealing with the colon, rectum and anus patology and colorectal surgery

Prone: Lying face downward, or on the ventral surface

Proximal: Nearest to a point of reference, such as the center or the point of attachment or observation. Opposite of distal.

Psychiatrist: MD who treats mental illness and can prescibe treatment and medications.

Psychologist: PhD prepared person who provides psychological counseling and cannot prescribe medications or medical treatment.

Pulmonary: Pertaining to the lungs

Renal: Pertaining to the kidneys.

Sacral: Between the hips.

Stenosis: An abnormal narrowing or stricture in a blood vessel, body passage, opening, or other tubular organ.

Sternal: Breastbone

Supine: Lying with the face up, or on the dorsal surface

Sural: Calf

Tendon: Band of connective tissue that connects bone to muscle.

Thoracic: Pertaining to the chest.

Umbilical: Navel

Uro: Urine

Ventral: Pertaining to the abdomen or belly. Opposite of dorsal.

Viscera: Pertaining to an organ, especially the abdominal organs.

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