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Arrow_left - Functional Groups of Biomolecules
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Methyl
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The univalent hydrocarbon radical, CH3, formally derived from methane by the loss of a proton.
Ethyl
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The univalent hydrocarbon radical, C2H5, formally derived from ethane by the loss of a proton
Phenyl
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A univalent hydrocarbon radical (C6H5) formally derived from benzene by the removal of a hydrogen atom, and the basis of an immense number of aromatic derivatives.
Aldehyde (Carbonyl)
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Ketone (Carbonyl)
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Carboxyl
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A univalent functional group consisting of a carbonyl and a hydroxyl functional group (-CO.OH); characteristic of carboxylic acids.
Hydroxyl
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A univalent radical or functional group, (-OH), in organic chemistry; present in alcohols, phenols, carboxylic acids and certain other classes of compounds
Enol
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An organic compound containing a hydroxyl group bonded to a carbon atom, which is doubly bonded to another carbon atom.
Ether
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Ester
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A compound most often formed by the condensation of an alcohol and an acid, with elimination of water. It contains the functional group carbon-oxygen double bond joined via carbon to another oxygen atom.
Acetyl
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The univalent radical CH3CO- derived from acetic acid.
Anhydride
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any compound formally derived from another (or from others) by the loss of a water molecule, especially acid anhydrides
Amino
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amido
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Imine
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Any of a class of organic nitrogen compounds having the general formula R2C=NR; they are tautomeric with enamines.
Schiff base
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an imine
Guanidinium
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The cation derived from guanidine
Imidazole
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A heterocyclic organic compound containing two nitrogen atoms separated by a carbon atom in a five-membered ring, called 1,3-diazole in w:IUPAC nomenclature.
Sulfhydryl
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The univalent radical -SH that is the sulfur analogue of hydroxyl and constitutes the thiol group
Disulfide
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Thioester
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Any of several classes of organic compound in which one or both oxygen atoms of an ester group are replaced by those of sulfur
Phosphoryl
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the trivalent radical O=P≡
Phosphoanhydride
R'-O3-P=O-P-O-R
Mixed anhydride
carboxylic acid and phosphoric acid; also called acyl phosphate