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All terms in this list:

zephyr: a gentle breeze; something airy or usubstantial

zenith: the point of culmination; peak

zealot: someone passionately devoted to a cause

zeal: passion; excitement

yoke: to join together

xenophobia: a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers

wraith: a ghost or specter; a ghost of a living person seen just before his or her death

wizened: shriveled; withered; wrinkled

winsome: charming; happily engaging

wily: clever; deceptive

whimsical: lightly acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable

waver: to fluctuate between choices

wanton: undisciplined; unrestrained; reckless

wan: sickly pale

voluble: talkative; speaking easily; glib

volatile: easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive

vituperate: to abuse verbally; berate

viscous: thick and adhesive, like a slow-flowing fluid

vim: vitality and energy

vicissitude: a change or variation; ups and downs

vex: to annoy; irritate; puzzle; confuse

vestige: a trace; remnant

vernal: related to spring; fresh

verdant: green with vegtation; inexperienced

verbose: wordy

veracity: filled with truth and accuracy

venerate: to respect deeply

venerable: respected because of age

variegated: varied; marked with different colors

vacillate: to physically sway or to be indecisive

usury: the practice of lending money at exorbitant rates

upbraid: to scold sharply

unequivocal: absolute; certain

unconscionable: unscrupulous; shockingly unfair or unjust

umbrage: offense; resentment

tyro: beginner; novice

turgid: swollen as from a fluid; bloated

trenchant: acute, sharp, or incisive; forecful; effective

transitory: temporary; lasting a brief time

torpor: extreme mental and physical sluggishness

tome: book, usually large and academic

toady: one who flatters in the hope of gaining favors

tirade: long, harsh speech or verbal attack

terrestrial: earthly; down to earth; commonplace

tawdry: gaudy, cheap,or showy

tangential: digressing; diverting

talon: claw of an animal, especially a bird of prey

taciturn: silent; not talkative

tacit: done without using words

syncopation: temporary irregularity in musical rhythm

symbiosis: cooperation; mutual helpfulness

sycophant: a self-serving flatterer; yes-man

sybarite: a person devoted to pleasure and luxury

surly: rude and bad-tempered

surfeit: excessive amount

supplant: to replace (another) by force; to take the place of

sully: to tarnish; taint

sublime: lofty or grand

stratagem: trick designed to deceive an enemy

stolid: unemotional; lacking sensitivity

stigma: a mark of shame or discredit

stentorian: extremely loud

stasis: a state of static balance or equilibrium; stagnation

sportive: frolicsome; playful

specious: deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious

spartan: highly self-disciplined; frugal; austere

soporific: causing sleep or lethargy

solecism: gtrammatical mistake; blunder in speech

sobriquet: nickname

slake: to calm down or moderate

sinecure: a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work

seraphic: angelic; sweet

sentient: aware; conscious; able to perceive

sedition: behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state

scintilla: trace amount

satiate: to satisfy fully or overindulge

sardonic: cynical; scornfully mocking

sanguine: ruddy; cheerfully optimistic

salubrious: healthful

salient: prominent; of notable significance

sagacious: shrewd; wise

sacrosanct: extremely sacred; beyond criticism

rustic: rural

rococo: very highly ornamented; relating to an 18th century artistic style of elaborate ornamentation

ribald: humorous in a vulgar way

rhetoric: effective writing or speaking

reticent: silent; reserved

restive: impatient, uneasy, or restless

requite: to return or repay

repudiate: to reject the validity of

repose: rexlation; leisure

replete: abundantly supplied, complete

repast: meal or mealtime

rejoinder: response

redress: relief from wrong or injury

rarefy: to make thinner or sparser

raconteur: witty, skillful storyteller

quotidian: occurring daily; commonplace

quixotic: overly idealistic; impractical

quiescent: motionless

querulous: inclined to complain; irritable

pusillanimous: cowardly; without courage

pungent: sharp and irritating to the senses

pulchritude: beauty

pugilism: boxing

puerile: childish, immature, or silly

prudence: wisdom, caution, or restraint

propriety: the quality of behaving in a proper manner; obeying rules and customs

propitiate: to conciliate; to appease

proliferate: to increase in number quickly

profligate: corrupt; degenerate

prodigal: lavish; wasteful

proclivity: a natural inclination or predisposition

probity: complete honesty and integrity

pristine: fresh and clean; uncorrupted

prevaricate: to lie or deviate from the truth

prescient: having foresight

precis: short summary of facts

precipitate: to throw violently or bring about abruplty; lacking deliberation

prattle: meaningless, foolish talk

pragmatic: practical, as opposed to idealistic

potentate: a monarch or ruler with great power

posit: to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation

polyglot: a speaker of many languages

politic: shrewd and practical in managing or dealing with things; diplomatic

polemic: controversy; argument; verbal attack

plucky: courageous; spunky

plethora: excess

plebeian: crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners

plastic: able to be molded, altered, or bent

placate: to soothe or pacify

pithy: profound or substantial yet concise, succinct and to the point

phlegmatic: calm and unemotional in temperament

philistine: a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values

philanthropy: charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness

phalanx: a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things

pervade: to be present throughout; to permeate

perspicacious: shrewd, astute, or keen-witted

permeate: to penetrate

peripatetic: wandering from place to place, especially on foot

perfunctory: done in a routine way; indifferent

perfidious: willing to betray one's trust

peregrinate: to wander fro place to place; to travel; especially on foot

penury: an oppressive lack of resources (as money); severe poverty

pejorative: having bad connotations; disparaging

pedant: someone who shows off learning

peccadillo: minor sin or offense

pathogenic: causing disease

pastiche: piece of literature or music imitating other works

parry: to ward off or deflect, especially by a quickwitted answer

parley: discussion, usually between enemies

pariah: an outcast

pare: to trim off excess; reduce

paragon: model of excellence or perfection

paradox: a contradiction or dilemma

panoply: impressive array

panegyric: elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise

panache: flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve

pallid: lacking color or liveliness

palliate: to make less serious; ease

palatial: relating to a palace; magnificent

overwrought: agitated; overdone

ostentation: excessive showiness

ostensible: apparent

ossify: to change in to bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern

orotund: pompous

opprobrium: public disgrace

opine: to express an opinion

opaque: impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

onerous: troublesome and oppresive; burdensome

officious: too helpful; meddlesome

occlude: to stop up; prevent the passage of

obviate: to prevent; to make unnecessary

obstinate: stubborn; unyielding

obsequious: overly submissive and eager to please

oblique: indirect or evasive; misleading or devious

obdurate: hardening in feeling; resistant to persuasion

numismatics: coin collecting

nuance: a subltle expression of meaning or quality

nominal: existing in name only; negligble

noisome: stinking; putrid

nettle: to irritate

neophyte: novice; beginner

neologism: new word or expression

nascent: starting to develop; coming into existence

naive: lacking sophistication or experience

nadir: lowest point

myopic: lacking foresight; having a narrow view or long-range perspective

multifarious: diverse

mores: fixed customs or manners; moral attitudes

monotony: no variaion; tedioulsly the same

monastic: extremly plain or secluded, as in a monastery

molt: to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically

mollify: to calm or make less severe

mitigate: to soften; to lessen

missive: a written note or letter

misanthrope: a person who dislikes others

mirth: frivolity; gaiety; laughter

militate: to operate against; work against

meticulous: extremely careful; fastidious; painstaking

metaphor: figure of speech comparing two different things

meretricious: gaudy; falsely attractive

mercurial: quick, shrewd, and unpredictable

mendicant: beggar

mendacious: dishonest

maudlin: overly sentimental

martinet: strict discipliarian; one who rigidly follows rules

mar: to damage or deface; spoil

mannered: artifical or stilted in character

malleable: capable of being shaped

malinger: to evade responibilty by pretending to be ill

malediction: a curse; a wish of evil upon another

magnate: powerful or influential person

maelstrom: whirlpool; turmoil; agitated state of mind

machination: plot or scheme

luminous: btight; brilliant; glowing

lumber: to move slowly and awkwardly

lugubrious: sorrowful; mournful; dismal

lucid: clear and esily understood

loquacious: talkative

livid: discolored from a bruise; pale; reddened with anger

listless: lacking energy and enthusiasm

lissome: easily flexed; limber; agile

lionize: to treat as a celebrity

limpid: clear; transparent

licentious: immoral; unrestrained by society

lampoon: to ridicule with satire

lament: to express sorrow; to grieve

laconic: using few words

lachrymose: tearful

kudos: fame, glory, or honor

knell: sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure

kinetic: relating to motion; characterized by movement

kindle: to set fire to or ignite; excite or inspire

keen: having a sharp edge; intellectually sharp; perceptive

juncture: point of time, especially where two things are joined

judicious: sensible; showing good judgement

jocular: playful; humorous

jingoism: belligerent support of one's country

jettison: to discard; to get rid of as unnecessary or encumbering

jargon: nonsensical talk; specialized language

itinerant: wandering from place to place; unsettled

irascible: easily made angry

invidious: envious, obnoxious, or offensive, likely to promote ill-will

investiture: ceremony conferring authority

invective: abusive language

inure: to harden; accustom; become used to

inundate: to overwhelm; to cover with water

intrepid: fearless; resolutely courageous

libertine: a free thinker, usually used disparagingly; one without moral restraint

liberal: tolerant or broad-minded; generous or lavish

levity: an inappropriate lack of seriousness; overly casual

lethargic: acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner

legerdemain: trickery

lassitude: a state of diminished energy

largess: generous giving (as of money) to others who may seem inferior

larceny: theft of property

lapidary: relating to precious stones or the art of cutting them

languid: lacking energy; indifferent

leery: suspicious

lavish: extremely generous or extravagant; giving unsparingly

laud: to giv praise; to glorify

latent: potential that is not readily apparent

intransigent: uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

intractable: not easily managed or manipulated

interregnum: period between reigns

inter: to bury

insurrection: rebellion

insipid: lacking interest or flavor

inquest: an investigatin; an inquiry

innocuous: harmless

iniquity: sin; evil act

inimical: hostile; unfriendly

ingratiate: to gain favor with another by deliberate effort; to seek to please somebody so as to gain an advantage

ingrate: ungrateful person

ingenuous: showing innocence or childlike simplicity

inexorable: inflexible; unyielding

indolent: habitually lazy or idle

inculcate: to teach; impress in the mind

inchoate: no fully formed; disorganized

incarnadine: blood-red in color

impugn: to call into question; to attack verbally

imprecation: a curse

implacable: unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

impious: not devout in religion

impetuous: quick to act without thinking

impervious: impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected

imperturbable: not capable of being disturbed

impecunious: poor; having no money

impasse: blocked path; dilemma with no solution

imbue: to infuse, dye, wet, or moisten

ignoble: having low moral standards; not noble in character; mean

idiosyncrasy: peculiarity of temperament; eccentricity

iconoclast: one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions

hyperbole: purposeful exaggeration for effect

husband: to manage economically; to use sparingly

homogeneous: of a similar kind

hoary: very old; whitish or gray from age

heterogeneous: composed of unlike parts; different; diverse

hermetic: tightly sealed

hegemony: the domination of one state or group over its allies

hapless: unfortunate; having bad luck

gullible: easily deceived

guile: deceit; trickery

grovel: to humble oneself in a demeaning way

grievous: causing grief or sorrow; serious and distressing

gregarious: outgoing; sociable

gradation: process occurring by regular degrees or stages; variation in color

glower: to glare or stare angrily and intensely

glib: fluent in an insincere manner; offhand; casual

gestation: growth process from conception to birth

garrulous: tending to talk a lot

garner: to gather and store

gambol: to dance or skip around playfully

furtive: secret; stealthy

frugality: tending to be thrifty or cheap

frenetic: frantic; frenzied

fractious: unruly; rebellious

fortuitous: happening by chance; fortunate

forestall: to prevent or delay; anticipate

ford: to cross a body of water by wading

foment: to arouse or incite

florid: excessively decorated or embellished

flag: to decline in vigor; strength; or interest

fetid: foul-smelling; putrid

fervid: intensely emotional; feverish

fecund: fertile; fruitful; productive

fawn: to grovel

fatuous: stupid; foolishly self-satisfied

fanatical: acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion

fallow: dormant; unused

exprugate: to censor

exponent: one who champions or advocates

explicit: clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression

exonerate: to clear of blame

exigent: urgent; requiring immediate action

exculpate: to clear from blame; prove innocent

exacerbate: to make worse

euphony: pleasant, harmonious sound

euphemism: use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one

eulogy: speech in praise of someone

ethos: beliefs or character of a group

estimable: admirable

esoteric: known or understood only by a few

eschew: to shun; to avoid (as something wrong or distasteful)

erudite: learned; scholarly; bookish

ersatz: fake

erratic: wandering and unpredictable

equivocate: to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead

epicure: person with refined taste in food and wine

ephemeral: lasting a short time

enumerate: to count, list, or itemize

enigma: a puzzle; a mystery

engender: to produce, cause, or bring about

enervate: to reduce in strength

endemic: belinging to a particular area; inherent

encomium: warm praise

emulate: to copy; to try to equal or excel

embellish: to add ornamental or fictitious details

eloquent: persuassive and moving, espcially in speech

elegy: a sorrowful poem or speech

effrontery: impudent boldness; audacity

effigy: stuffed doll; likeness of a person

efficacy: effectiveness

edify: to instruct morally and spiritually

eclectic: selecting from or made up from a variety of soures

ebullient: exhilarated; full of enthusiam and high spirits

dyspeptic: suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable

dupe: to deceive; a person who is easily deceived

droll: amusing in a wry, subtle way

dogmatic: dictatorial in one's opinions

dogma: a firmly held opinion, especially a religious belief

doctrinaire: rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic

divine: to foretell or know by inspiration

diurnal: existing during the day

dither: to act confusedly or without clear purpose

distend: to swell, inflate, or bloat

distaff: the female branch of a family

dissonance: a harsh and disagreeable combination, especially of sounds

dissemble: to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character

disparate: fundamentally different; entirely unlike

discern: to perceive or recognize

disabuse: to set right; free from error

dirge: a funeral hymn or mournful speech

dilettante: someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic

dilatory: intended to delay

dilate: to make larger; expand

diffident: lacking self-confidence

dictum: authoritative statement

diatribe: an abusive, condemnatory speech

diaphanous: allowing light to show through; delicate

desultory: jumping from one thing to another; disconnected

desiccate: to dry out thoroughly

deride: to speak of or treat with contempt; to mock

demur: to express doubts or objections

demagogue: a leader or rabble-rouser, usually appealing to emotion or prejudice

deleterious: subtly or unexpectedly harmful

deference: respect; courtesy

deface: to mar the appearance of; vandalize

decorum: appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety

decorous: proper; tasteful; socially correct

declivity: downward slope

debutante: young woman making debut in high society

curmudgeon: cranky person, usually old

cupidity: greed; strong desire

crescendo: steadily increasing in volume or force

credulous: too trusting; gullible

craven: lacking courage

coterie: an intimate group of persons with a similar purpose

cosset: to pamper; treat with great care

corroborate: to support with evidence

convoluted: intricate and complicated

contumacious: rebellious

contrite: deeply sorrowful and repentatnt for a wrong

connoisseur: a person with expert knowledge or discriminating tastes

condone: to overlook, pardon, or disregard

collusion: collaboration; complicity; conspiracy

cogent: convincing and well-reasoned

coffer: strongbox; large chest for money

coalesce: to grow together to form a single whole

cloying: sickly sweet; excessive

circumspect: cautious; aware of potential consequences

chicanery: deception by means of craft or guile

chauvinist: someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs

chaos: great disorder or confused situation

caustic: biting in wit

catholic: universal broad and comprehensive

catalyst: something that brings about a change in something else

castigate: to punish or criticize harshly

cartography: science or art of making maps

capricious: changing one's mind quickly and often

candid: impartial and honest in speech

canard: a lie

calumny: a false and malicious accusation; misrepresentation

cacophony: harsh, jarring noise

cabal: a secret group seeking to overturn something

burnish: to polish

burgeon: to grow and flourish

boor: crude person, one lacking manners or taste

bonhomie: good-natured geniality; atmosphere of good cheer

bombastic: pompous in speech and manner

bolster: to support; prop up

blithe: joyful; cheerful; or without appropriate thought

blight: to afflict; destroy

bilk: to cheat; defraud

bifurcate: to divide into two parts

bevy: group

belfry: bell tower; room in which a bell in hung

banal: predictable; cliched; boring

axiom: premise; postulate; self-evident truth

austere: severe or stern in appearance; undecorated

august: dignified; grandiose

augury: prophecy; prediction of events

audacious: fearless and daring

attenuate: to reduce in force or degree; weaken

assuage: to make something unpleasant less severe

assail: to attack; assault

articulate: able to speak clearly and expressively

arrogate: to claim without justification; to claim for oneself without right

ardor: intense and passionate feeling

archaic: ancient; old-fashioned

arbitrate: to judge a dispute between two opposing parties

arbitrary: determined by chance or impulse

approbation: approval and praise

apostate: one who renounces a religious faith

apocryphal: of questionable authority or authenticity

apathy: lack of interest or emotion

antipathy: extreme dislike

antagonize: to annoy or provoke to anger

anomaly: deviation from what is normal

anodyne: something that calms or soothes pain

analogous: similar or alike insome way; equivalent to

analgesia: a lessening of pain without loss of consciousness

anachronism: something out of place in time

amulet: ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

amortize: to diminish by installment payments

ameliorate: to make better; to improve

ambiguous: doubtful or uncertain; can be interpreted several ways

amalgamate: to combine; to mix together

alleviate: to make more bearable

alacrity: speed or quickness

aggrandize: to increase in power, influence, and reputation

affected: phony; artificial

aesthetic: concerning the appreciation of beauty

aerie: a nest built high in the air; an elevated, often secluded, dwelling

advocate: to speak in favor of

adulterate: to make impure

acme: highest point; summit; the highest level or degree attainable

acidulous: sour in taste or manner

accretion: a growth in size; increase in amount

abyss: an extreely deep hole

abstemious: moderate in appetite

abstain: to chose not to do something

abscond: to leave secretly

abjure: to reject; abandon formally

abeyance: temporary suppression or supension

aberrant: deviating from what is normal or expected

abdicate: to give up a position, right, or power

abate: to reduce in amount, degree, or severity

abase: to humble; disgrace

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