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Arrow_left - 100 words you should know
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abjure
To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow.
abrogate
Repeal or do away with (a law, right, or formal agreement)
abstemious
Not self-indulgent, esp. when eating and drinking
acumen
quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination
antebellum
Of the time period prior to a war.
auspicious
Of good omen; indicating future success.
belie
To give a false representation of something.
bellicose
Warlike in nature; aggressive; hostile.
bowdlerize
To remove those parts of a text considered offensive, vulgar, or otherwise unseemly.
chicanery
Deception by use of trickery, quibbling, or subterfuge.
chromosome
A structure in the cell nucleus that contains DNA, histone protein, and other structural proteins.
churlish
Of or pertaining to a serf, peasant, or rustic.
circumlocution
A roundabout or indirect way of speaking; the use of more words than necessary to express an idea.
circumnavigate
To travel completely around somewhere or something, especially by sail.
deciduous
Describing a part that falls of, or is shed, at a particular time or stage of development.
deleterious
harmful or hurtful, to physical, mental or moral health.
diffident
Modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence
enervate
Lacking in energy or vitality
enfranchise
Give the right to vote to
epiphany
A manifestation or appearance of a divine or superhuman being.
equinox
The intersection of the ecliptic (apparent path of the sun) with the celestial equator.
euro
The currency unit of the European Monetary Union. Symbol: €
evanescent
vanishing, disappearing, fleeting
expurgate
Remove matter thought to be objectionable or unsuitable from (a book or account)
facetious
Treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant.
fatuous
Obnoxiously stupid, vacantly silly, content in one's foolishness.
feckless
Lacking purpose.
fiduciary
One who holds a thing in trust for another; a trustee.
filibuster
Act in an obstructive manner in a legislature, esp. by speaking at inordinate length
gamete
A reproductive cell (male (sperm) or female (egg)) that has only half the usual number of chromosomes.
gauche
Awkward or lacking in social graces; bumbling.
gerrymander
To divide a geographic area into voting districts in such a way as to give an unfair advantage to one party in an election.
hegemony
Domination, influence, or authority over another, especially by one political group over a society or by one nation over others
hemoglobin
The iron-containing substance in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body;
homogeneous
similar, or the same as something else
hubris
Excessive pride, presumption or arrogance (originally toward the gods).
hypotenuse
The side of a right triangle opposite the right angle.
impeach
Call into question the integrity or validity of (a practice)
incognito
Without being known; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title
incontrovertible
Not capable of being denied, challenged, or disputed; closed to questioning.
inculcate
To teach by repeated instruction.
infrastructure
An underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system
interpolate
To estimate the value of a function between two points between which it is tabulated.
irony
A statement that, when taken in context, may actually mean something different than, or the opposite of what is written literally;
jejune
Lacking matter; empty; devoid of substance.
kinetic
Of or relating to motion
kowtow
To kneel and bow low enough to touch one’s forehead to the ground.
laissez faire
A policy of governmental non-interference in economic affairs.
lexicon
The vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge
loquacious
Talkative or chatty, especially of persons given to excess conversation.
lugubrious
gloomy, mournful or dismal, especially to an exaggerated degree.
metamorphosis
A transformation, such as that of magic or by sorcery
mitosis
The division of a cell nucleus in which the genome is copied and separated into two identical halves. It is normally followed by cell division.
moiety
Half; Each of two parts into which a thing is or can be divided
nanotechnology
the science and technology of creating nanoparticles and of manufacturing machines which have sizes within the range of .1 to 100 nanometres
nihilism
Extreme skepticism, maintaining that nothing has a real existence.
nomenclature
A name.
nonsectarian
Not involving or relating to a specific religious sect or political group
notarize
Have (a document) legalized by a notary
obsequious
Obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
oligarchy
A government run by only a few, often the wealthy.
omnipotent
Having unlimited power, force or authority.
orthography
The study of correct spelling according to established usage.
oxidize
Combine or become combined chemically with oxygen
parabola
A symmetrical open plane curve formed by the intersection of a cone with a plane parallel to its side
paradigm
An example serving as a model or pattern.
parameter
A variable kept constant during an experiment, calculation or similar.
pecuniary
Of, or relating to, money; monetary.
photosynthesis
The process by which plants and other photoautotrophs generate carbohydrates and oxygen from carbon dioxide, water, and light energy in chloroplasts.
plagiarize
To use, and pass off as one's own, someone else's writing/speech.
plasma
A state of matter consisting of partially ionized gas
polymer
A long or larger molecule consisting of a chain or network of many repeating units, formed by chemically bonding together many identical or similar small molecules called monomers.
precipitous
Steep, like a precipice; as, a precipitous cliff or mountain.
quasar
An extragalactic object, starlike in appearance, that is among the most luminous and thought to be the most distant objects in the universe.
quotidian
daily; occurring or recurring every day.
recapitulate
to summarize or repeat in concise form
reciprocal
Of an action, feeling, etc, done, felt, etc, by each of two people to, on or towards the other.
reparation
A payment of time, effort or money to undo past transgression(s).
respiration
The process of inhaling and exhaling; breathing, breath.
sanguine
Having the colour of blood; red.
soliloquy
The act of a character speaking to himself so as to reveal his thoughts to the audience.
subjugate
To forcibly impose obedience or servitude.
suffragist
A person who promotes suffrage.
supercilious
showing contemptuous indifference; haughty.
tautology
The saying of the same thing twice in different words, generally considered to be a fault of style (e.g., they arrived one after the other in succession)
taxonomy
The science of finding, describing, classifying and naming organisms.
tectonic
Of or relating to the structure of the earth's crust and the large-scale processes that take place within it
tempestuous
stormy, tumultuous.
thermodynamics
The science of the conversions between heat and other forms of energy.
totalitarian
Of or relating to a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state
unctuous
Oily or greasy.
usurp
To seize power from another, usually by illegitimate means.
vacuous
Showing a lack of thought or intelligence; vacant
vehement
Showing strong feelings; passionate; forceful or intense.
vortex
A whirlwind, whirlpool, or similarly moving matter in the form of a spiral or column.
winnow
Reduce the number in a set of (people or things) gradually until only the best ones are left
wrought
Having been worked or prepared somehow.
xenophobe
One who fears people who are different from oneself, especially in the case of foreign people
yeoman
An official providing honorable service in a royal or high noble household, ranking between a squire and a page.
ziggurat
A temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.