loading...
« Previous 1 3 4
Click flashcard terms on the left to see their definitions.
High Scores
There are no High Scores Yet.
Share This List

All terms in this list:

substrate: reactant in a chemical reaction that happens in a living thing

starch: polysaccharide made up of a chain of glucose molecules; food storage molecule for plants

reactant: chemical that enters a chemical reaction

protein: contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; makes up cell/body structures and enzymes

product: chemical that results from a chemical reaction

polysaccharide: large carbohydrate made up of monosaccharides, ex. starch and glycogen

polymer: large molecule made up of smaller building blocks or monomers

pH scale: measurement system used to indicate how acidic or basic a substance is; measures the concentration of H+ ions

organic compound: compound that contains carbon bonded to hydrogen and is found in living things

nucleotide: building block or monomer of a nucleic acid; commonly recognized by its nitrogen bases as A, T, C, or G

nucleic acid: contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous; involved in protein synthesis

monosaccharide: building block of a carbohydrate; simple sugar

monomer: building block or small unit of a polymer; can be linked into chains

lipid: huge molecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, and a little oxygen; includes fats, oils, and waxes

insulin: protein hormone that helps to decrease blood sugar

hemoglobin: specialized protein that carries oxygen on red blood cells

glycogen: compound used by animals to store carbohydrates in the liver and skeletal muscles

glycerol: with fatty acids, make up the building blocks of lipids

glucose: simple sugar that is used to make ATP through cellular respiration

fatty acid: with glycerol, make up the building blocks of lipids

enzyme: specialized protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by decreasing activation energy; typically end in "ase"

denaturation: when an enzyme changes shape and no longer functions due to high temperatures or wrong pH

cholesterol: specialized lipid that is used in cell membranes and making hormones

chemical reaction: process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals

chemical bond: link formed by two electrons that binds atoms together; where the energy in a compound is stored

cellulose: polysaccharide that is the main component of plant

catalyst: substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction

carbohydrate: contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; main source of energy for body, commonly end in "ose"

base: compound that releases OH- ions in solution; pH greater than 7

amino acid: building block or monomer of a protein

activation energy: energy needed to start a reaction

acid: compound that release H+ ions in solution; pH less than 7

RNA: single stranded nucleic acid used for protein synthesis

DNA: double stranded nucleic acid that stores and transmits genetic information

Friends with BookmarkOS

Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
Sentences copyrighted by their respective publishers.
terms of service privacy policy