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All terms in this list:

zygote: fertilized egg

spindle: (biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division

sex chromosome: one of two chromosomes of the 23rd pair of human chromosomes, which determine an individual's gender

mitosis: in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes

karyotype: the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)

interphase: period of the cell cycle between cell divisions

homologous chromosomes: Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic content

haploid: an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes

gene: A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.

gamete: a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes

diploid: of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number

cytokinesis: division of the cytoplasm

chromosome: The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA

chromatid: The two exact copies of DNA that make up each chromosome.

centromere: area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached

cell cycle: the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo

binary fusion: A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring.

autosome: any chromosome other than a sex chromosome

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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