All terms in this list:
zygote: fertilized egg
spindle: (biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division
sex chromosome: one of two chromosomes of the 23rd pair of human chromosomes, which determine an individual's gender
mitosis: in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
karyotype: the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)
interphase: period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
homologous chromosomes: Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic content
haploid: an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
gene: A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule.
gamete: a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
diploid: of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
cytokinesis: division of the cytoplasm
chromosome: The DNA and the proteins associated with the DNA
chromatid: The two exact copies of DNA that make up each chromosome.
centromere: area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
cell cycle: the regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo
binary fusion: A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspring.
autosome: any chromosome other than a sex chromosome