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Arrow_left - WW1 and WW2
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glorification of military power
a group of countries who are friendly and make deals to help protect each other
Triple Allianc
alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Later known as the Central Powers.
Triple Entente
alliance of France, Russia and Great Britain. Later known as “The Allies”
an attempt to create an empire
a strong love for you country
Archduke Ferdinand
his assassination led to the beginning of World War I
not choosing sides
Woodrow Wilson
president of the United States during World War I
very influential manner of trying to make people support their group
German Submarines
British ship sank by the Germans. 1000 people were killed; 100 were Americans
Zimmerman Note
letter sent to Mexico by Germany urging Mexico to help Germany by attacking the United States
trench warfare
the type of warfare used during World War I
no movement
a death or injury during the war
Selective Service Act of 1917
set up the draft
War Bonds
sold during a time of war to raise money for the government
War Industries Board
formed to make war time decisions at home
get ready for war
The Big Four
President Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Vittorio Orlando met to decide what would happen after World War I
Versailles Treaty
the agreement made after World War I that was very harsh to Germany
payment for losing the war
League of Nations
part of President Wilsonʼs Fourteen Points that was to be an alliance to prevent another world war from happening again
Adolf Hitler
leader of the Nazi Party, took over as the dictator of Germany in the years between the world wars
Mein Kampf
book written by Hitler which became the Bible of the Nazis
Third Reich
Hitler promised to take Germany back to its past power and create a new empire that would be called this
concentration camps
a place where Jews and others were sent to work and/or be killed
Joseph Stalin
the communist dictator of the Soviet Union during World War II
Benito Mussolini
the dictator who took over Italy in the years between the world wars
the military dictator who took over Japan in the years between the world wars
Munich Pact
deal between Great Britain/France and Germany that appeased Hitler by allowing him to take the Sudetenland in return for promising to take no more land
to yield or concede to the belligerent demands of (a nation, group, person, etc.) in a conciliatory effort, sometimes at the expense of justice or other principles
non-aggression Pact
deal made between the Soviet Union and Germany in 1930 where each promised not to attack one another
Maginot Line
a 350 mile line of tunnels, concrete forts, and antitank fields made by the French as a defense line vs. the Nazis
lightning warfare; the new type of warfare used by the Germans in World War II
Winston Churchill
the prime minister of Great Britain during World War II
a plan of President Rooseveltʼs to help Great Britain. The United States would be able to lend anything to Great Britain to help them vs. the Germans
Pearl Harbor
a place in Hawaii where the Japanese attacked on Sunday, December 7, 1941 that led to the United States entering World War II