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All terms in this list:

militarism: glorification of military power

alliance: a group of countries who are friendly and make deals to help protect each other

Triple Allianc: alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Later known as the Central Powers.

Triple Entente: alliance of France, Russia and Great Britain. Later known as “The Allies”

imperialism: an attempt to create an empire

nationalism: a strong love for you country

Archduke Ferdinand: his assassination led to the beginning of World War I

neutral: not choosing sides

Woodrow Wilson: president of the United States during World War I

propaganda: very influential manner of trying to make people support their group

U-Boats: German Submarines

Lusitania: British ship sank by the Germans. 1000 people were killed; 100 were Americans

Zimmerman Note: letter sent to Mexico by Germany urging Mexico to help Germany by attacking the United States

trench warfare: the type of warfare used during World War I

stationary: no movement

casualty: a death or injury during the war

Selective Service Act of 1917: set up the draft

War Bonds: sold during a time of war to raise money for the government

War Industries Board: formed to make war time decisions at home

mobilize: get ready for war

The Big Four: President Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Vittorio Orlando met to decide what would happen after World War I

Versailles Treaty: the agreement made after World War I that was very harsh to Germany

reparations: payment for losing the war

League of Nations: part of President Wilsonʼs Fourteen Points that was to be an alliance to prevent another world war from happening again

Adolf Hitler: leader of the Nazi Party, took over as the dictator of Germany in the years between the world wars

Mein Kampf: book written by Hitler which became the Bible of the Nazis

Third Reich: Hitler promised to take Germany back to its past power and create a new empire that would be called this

concentration camps: a place where Jews and others were sent to work and/or be killed

Joseph Stalin: the communist dictator of the Soviet Union during World War II

Benito Mussolini: the dictator who took over Italy in the years between the world wars

Tojo: the military dictator who took over Japan in the years between the world wars

Munich Pact: deal between Great Britain/France and Germany that appeased Hitler by allowing him to take the Sudetenland in return for promising to take no more land

appeasement: to yield or concede to the belligerent demands of (a nation, group, person, etc.) in a conciliatory effort, sometimes at the expense of justice or other principles

non-aggression Pact: deal made between the Soviet Union and Germany in 1930 where each promised not to attack one another

Maginot Line: a 350 mile line of tunnels, concrete forts, and antitank fields made by the French as a defense line vs. the Nazis

blitzkrieg: lightning warfare; the new type of warfare used by the Germans in World War II

Winston Churchill: the prime minister of Great Britain during World War II

Lend-Lease: a plan of President Rooseveltʼs to help Great Britain. The United States would be able to lend anything to Great Britain to help them vs. the Germans

Pearl Harbor: a place in Hawaii where the Japanese attacked on Sunday, December 7, 1941 that led to the United States entering World War II

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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