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All terms in this list:

militarism: an ideology which claims that the military is the foundation of a society's security, and thereby claims to be its most important aspect

alliance: The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial alliances; an alliance

Triple Alliance: alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Later known as the Central Powers.

Triple Entente: alliance of France, Russia and Great Britain. Later known as “The Allies”

imperialism: The policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority by territorial gain or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations.

nationalism: The idea of supporting one's country and culture.

Archduke Ferdinand: his assassination led to the beginning of World War I

neutral: Not taking sides in a conflict such as war; nonaligned.

Woodrow Wilson: president of the United States during World War I

propaganda: A concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behavior of large numbers of people.

U-Boats: German submarines

Lusitania: An Allied passenger ship sunk by a German U-Boat during World War I

Zimmerman Note: letter sent to Mexico by Germany urging Mexico to help Germany by attacking the United States

trench warfare: Warfare in which opposing sides occupy trenches; usually very bloody, miserable, and endless.

stationary: Not moving.

casualty: Something that happens by chance, especially an unfortunate event; an accident, a disaster.

Selective Service Act of 1917: set up the draft

war bonds: sold during a time of war to raise money for the government

War Industries Board: formed to make war time decisions at home

mobilize: To assemble troops and their equipment in a coordinated fashion so as to be ready for war.

The Big Four: President Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Vittorio Orlando met to decide what would happen after World War I

Versailles Treaty: the agreement made after World War I that was very harsh to Germany

reparations: payment for losing the war

League of Nations: An international organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, which ended the First World War. Its goals included disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy

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