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All terms in this list:

Atrocites: outlandish act

Anarchist: belief in no government

Isthmus: A narrow strip of land, bordered on two sides by water, and connecting two larger landmasses.

Annexation: add to

Reconstruction: A period of United States history, from approximately 1865 to 1877, during which the nation attempted to resolve issues and rebuild america, after the U.S. Civil War.

Ceded: given

Folly: foolishness

Domestic: Of or related to the home.

Embellish: over exaggerating details

Pertinent: relevant

manifest destiny: it will expand because it can

Imperialism: when a country looks to expand its territory

Social Darwinism: the strongest countries survive- the strongest survive

Yellow Press: Newspapers which publish sensationalist articles rather than well researched and sober journalism.

Teller Amendment: placed a condition of the United States military in Cuba. According to the clause, the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people."

Platt Amendment: said that the United States was allowed to enter Cuba for any reason

annex: To add something to another, to incorporate into.

Open Door Policy: When the United States and other powerful countries declared China to be open for foreign trade 10. Boxer Rebellion: an upri

Alfred T. Mahan: Wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History that told of the importance of a powerful navy

Theodore Roosevelt: led the Rough Riders up San Juan during the Spanish-American War

Boxer Rebellion: an uprising by members of the Chinese Society of Right and Harmonious Fists against foreign influence in China, in such areas as trade, politics, religion and technology

“Big Stick” diplomacy: term is used to describe the foreign policy of the U.S. at the time, Roosevelt claimed the U.S. had the right to oppose European actions in the Western Hemisphere.

Monroe Doctrine: Said no European nation could set up colonies in the Americas

Roosevelt Corollary: Said the US would exercise “international police power” in response to chronicmisconduct by any nation in the Western Hemisphere.

industrialization: a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state

rural: pertaining to less-populated, non-urban areas

urban: related to the (or any) city

suburban: Relating to or characteristic of or situated on the outskirts of a city.

tenement houses: houses that the poor stayed in

transcontinental raildroad: a railroad that runs from Chicago to San Francisco to make transportation easier

corporation: A group of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members.

monopoly: one party (company, cartel etc.) exclusively provides a particular product or service, dominating that market and generally exerting powerful control over it.

J. Peirpont Morgan: Monopoly banker

Andrew Carnegie: Steel monopoly

John Roclefeller: Railroad monopoly

Laissez faire: A policy of governmental non-interference in economic affairs.

entrepreneurs: Plural form of entrepreneur.

entrepreneur: A person who organizes and operates a business venture and assumes much of the associated risk.

labor union: A continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment; a trade union.

strike: where the people who wanted better conditions stop working

strikebreakers: people who took the jobs of the people on strike

Knights of labor: a labor union

American Federation of Labor: the first labor union created by Samuel Gompers

Samuel Gompers: The man who created the American Federation of Labor

Haymarket Square Bombing: a bombing in Haymarket Square where people where striking then someone threw a bomb into the crowd

Populist Party: farmers

Progressive Party: workers

Reform: change for the better

muckrakers: printing stories about the monopolies

Upton Sinclair: was a muckraker and the author of "The Jungle"

Meat Inspection Act: when they had to inspect the meat before they pack it and sell it

Pure Food and Drug Act: provided the federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of poisonous patent medicines

Employers' Liability Act: extended protection to workers concerning accidents caused by negligence of managers, superintendents, and foremen

Newlands Reclamation Act: federal law that funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states in the American West.

Australian ballot: The secret ballot system of voting in which voting is done in private on a state-issued ballot and ballots incorrectly marked set aside as invalid.

direct primary: A primary in which voters directly select candidates for office by popular vote

17th amendment: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the m

initative: an introductory act or step

referendum: A direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment

recall: Memory; the ability to remember.

suffrage: A vote in deciding a particular question.

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