All terms in this list:
cede: To give up, give way, give away.
domestic: Of or related to the home.
embelish: over exaggerated details
manifest destiny: The political doctrine or belief held by the United States of America, particularly during its expansion, that the nation was destined to expand toward the west.
reconstruction: The act of restoring something to an earlier state.
imperialism: The policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority by territorial gain or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations.
anarchist: One who believes in or advocates the absence of government in all forms (compare anarchism), especially one who works toward the realization of such.
atrocites: outlandish act
isthmus: A narrow strip of land, bordered on two sides by water, and connecting two larger landmasses.
annexation: the legal merging of a territory into another body
pertinent: important with regards to (a subject or matter); relevant
alfred t. mahan: wrote the influence of the sea power upon history that told of the importance of a powerful navy
social darwinism: the strongest countries survive-its their obligation to take over other nations
yellow press: Newspapers which publish sensationalist articles rather than well researched and sober journalism.
theodore roosevelt: led the rough riders up San Juan during the Spanish-American war
teller amendment: placed a condition of the United States military in Cube. According to the clause, the U.S could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people"
platt amendment: said that the United States was allowed to enter Cuba for any reason
boxer rebellion: An uprising by members of the Chinese society of right and harminious fists against foreign influence in china, in such areas as trade, politics, religion, and technology.
"big stick" diplomacy: term is used to describe the foreign policy of the U.S at the time, Roosevelt claimed the U.S had the right to oppose European actions in the western hemisphere
monroe doctrine: said no European nation could set up colonies in the Americans
Rossevelt corollary: Said the U.S would exercise "international police power" in response to chronic misconduct by any nation in the western hemisphere
industrialization: a process of social and economic change whereby a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state
rural: pertaining to less-populated, non-urban areas
urban: related to the (or any) city
suburban: Relating to or characteristic of or situated on the outskirts of a city.
tenement houses: a run-down and often over crowded apartment house, especially in a poor section of a large city
transcontinental railroad: a railroad network of trackage that crosses a continental land mass
corporation: A group of individuals, created by law or under authority of law, having a continuous existence independent of the existences of its members, and powers and liabilities distinct from those of its members.
monopoly: A situation, by legal privilege or other agreement, in which solely one party (company, cartel etc.) exclusively provides a particular product or service, dominating that market and generally exerting powerful control over it.
J. pierpont morgan: a great organizer, bought many businesses, including carnegie steel, controlled many RR's, worth billions, banking mogul
andrew carnegie: childhood: poor, educated himself, became millionaire. Steel monopoly. gave away a lot
john rockefeller: set up the standard oil company. Ambitious, great organizer. Cleveland: by a lake, by a railroad, great place to start an oil business
laissez faire: A policy of governmental non-interference in economic affairs.
entrepreneur: A person who organizes and operates a business venture and assumes much of the associated risk.
labor union: A continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment; a trade union.
strike: a refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest
strikebreaker: A non-unionized worker hired to replace a striking union worker.
knights if labor: a secret workingmen's organization formed in 1869 to defend the interests of labor
american federation of labor: this was another union. started in 1886, by Samuel Gompers. This union was for skilled workers only (bricklayers, carpenters, etc.)
Samuel Gompers: U.S labor leader. President of the American Federation of Labor
haymarket square bombing: -happened in Chicago -80,000 workers went on strike - fights broke out -police killed a couple of the strikers -someone threw a bomb in the middle, and killed many -many people blamed the knights of labor
populist party: A former political party in the U.S; formed in 1891 to advocate currency expansion
progressives: Early 1900's. Voters will have mare say in selecting candidates. Many people involved in progressive movement.
reform: To put into a new and improved form or condition; to restore to a former good state, or bring from bad to good; to change from worse to better; to amend; to correct; as, to reform a profligate man; to reform corrupt manners or morals.
muckraker: One who investigates and exposes issues of corruption that often violate widely held values; e.g. one who exposes political corruption or the poor conditions in prisons.
Upton Sinclair: U.S oil businessman
The Jungle: A novel by Upton Sinclair (1906)
Meat inspection act: Government had right to inspect meat
Pure food and drug act: Manufacture and sale of impure food and liquor was forbidden
Employers liability act: Provided accident insurance for railroad workers
Newlands reclamation act: 1902, is a united states federal law that funded irrigation projects
Australian ballot: The secret ballot system of voting in which voting is done in private on a state-issued ballot and ballots incorrectly marked set aside as invalid.
direct primary: A primary in which voters directly select candidates for office by popular vote
initiative: A new development; a fresh approach to something; a new way of dealing with a problem.
referendum: A direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment
recall: To remember, recollect.
suffrage: A vote in deciding a particular question.
militarism: glorification of military power
alliance: a group of countries who are friendly and make deals to help protect each other
triple alliance: alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Later known as the Central Powers.
Triple Entente: alliance of France, Russia and Great Britain. Later known as “The Allies”
nationalism: a strong love for your country
Archduke Ferdinand: his assassination led to the beginning of World War I
neutral: not choosing sides
Woodrow Wilson: president of the United States during World War I
propaganda: very influential manner of trying to make people support their group
U-Boats: German submarines
Lusitania: British ship sank by the Germans. 1000 people were killed; 100 were Americans
Zimmerman Note: letter sent to Mexico by Germany urging Mexico to help Germany by attacking the United States
trench warfare: the type of warfare used during World War I
stationary: no movement
casualty: a death or injury during a war
Selective Service Act of 1917:: set up the draft
war bonds: sold during a time of war to raise money for the government
War Industries Board: formed to make war time decisions at home
mobilize: get ready for war
the big four: President Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Vittorio Orlando met
Versailles Treaty: the agreement made after World War I that was very harsh to Germany
reparations: payment for losing the war
League of Nations: part of President Wilsonʼs Fourteen Points that was to be an alliance to prevent another world war from happening again