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Arrow_left - medical terms body parts and directionality
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ventral
On the front side of the human body
dorsal
With respect to, or concerning the side in which the backbone is located.
distal
Remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle.
proximal
Closer to the point of attachment or observation.
coronal
plane
cephalic
Of or referring to the head; headlike
caudal
Pertaining to the tail or posterior or hind part of a body.
medial
Pertaining to the inside; closer to the midline.
cranial cavity
within the skull, protects the brain
spinal cavity
located in the spinal column, protects the spinal cord
homeostasis
The ability of a system or living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a stable equilibrium.
thoracic cavity
also the chest cavity, protects the heart and lungs
diaphragm
muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
abdominal cavity
contains the major organs of digestion, referred to simply as the abdomen.
pelvic cavity
contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems.
RUQ
right upper quadrant
RLQ
right lower quadrant
hypochondriac
located on the sides and covered by the lower ribs. (below the ribs)
epigastric
located above the stomach
hist/o
tissue
lip/o
fat (liposuction)
thoracic
chest region
lumbar
loin or flank region between the ribs and the hip bones.
sacral
immediately above the coccyx.
coccygeal
relating to the coccyx
cervical
neck region
auricular region
around the ears
axillary
armpits
buccal
cheeks of the face
clavicular
on each side of the sternum (breast bone)
mammary
breast area
orbital
around the eyes