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All terms in this list:

ventral: On the front side of the human body

dorsal: With respect to, or concerning the side in which the backbone is located.

distal: Remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle.

proximal: Closer to the point of attachment or observation.

coronal: plane

cephalic: Of or referring to the head; headlike

caudal: Pertaining to the tail or posterior or hind part of a body.

medial: Pertaining to the inside; closer to the midline.

cranial cavity: within the skull, protects the brain

spinal cavity: located in the spinal column, protects the spinal cord

homeostasis: The ability of a system or living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a stable equilibrium.

thoracic cavity: also the chest cavity, protects the heart and lungs

diaphragm: muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.

abdominal cavity: contains the major organs of digestion, referred to simply as the abdomen.

pelvic cavity: contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems.

RUQ: right upper quadrant

RLQ: right lower quadrant

hypochondriac: located on the sides and covered by the lower ribs. (below the ribs)

epigastric: located above the stomach

hist/o: tissue

lip/o: fat (liposuction)

thoracic: chest region

lumbar: loin or flank region between the ribs and the hip bones.

sacral: immediately above the coccyx.

coccygeal: relating to the coccyx

cervical: neck region

auricular region: around the ears

axillary: armpits

buccal: cheeks of the face

clavicular: on each side of the sternum (breast bone)

mammary: breast area

orbital: around the eyes

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