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All terms in this list:

abatement: a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to;

acquit: To set free, release or discharge from an obligation, duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge, to find not guilty.

a fortiori: With stronger or greater reason; as a corollary implied by a stronger claim.

affirm: To agree, verify or concur; to answer positively.

appeal: To accuse (someone of something).

arbitration: the act or process of arbitrating

arbitrator: A person to whom the authority to settle or judge a dispute is delegated.

barrister: A lawyer with the right to speak and argue as an advocate in higher lawcourts.

bind: A troublesome situation; a problem; a predicament or quandary.

burden of proof: The duty of a party in a legal proceeding to prove an assertion of fact;

capital punishment: punishment by death

cause of action: A condition under which one party would be entitled to sue another.

civil: Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.

common law: Law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals (also called case law), as distinguished from legislative statutes or regulations made by the executive branch.

condemn: To confer some sort of eternal divine punishment upon.

consignment: A collection of goods to be sent, in transit or having been sent.

counsel: The exchange of opinions and advice; consultation

dissent: To disagree.

extortion: the practice of extorting money or other property, especially by a public official, by the use of threats

foreclosure: the proceeding, by a creditor, to regain property or other collateral following a default on mortgage payments

House of Lords: The upper chamber of the UK Houses of Parliament

House of Commons: The lower house of the UK and Canadian Houses of Parliament

House of Representatives: The lower house in the bicameral legislatures of several countries

indict: To accuse of wrongdoing; charge.

infraction: A minor offence, petty crime

jurisdiction: the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law

lien: A tendon.

litigate: To go to law.

liability: an obligation, debt or responsibility owed to someone

magistrate: A judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law.

malpractice: the improper treatment of a patient by a physician that results in injury or loss

misdemeanor: A crime usually punishable upon conviction by a small fine or by a short term of imprisonment. Crimes which are punishable by large fines or by longer imprisonment are usually called felonies.

negligence: (singulare tantum) The tort whereby a duty of reasonable care was breached, causing damageany conduct short of intentional or reckless action that falls below the legal standard for preventing unreasonable injury.

onus: A legal obligation.

onus probandi: the duty of a party in a legal proceeding to prove an assertion of fact; it includes both the burden of production and the burden of persuasion.

overrule: To nullify a previous ruling by a higher power.

precedent: An act in the past which may be used as an example to help decide the outcome of similar instances in the future.

probate: The legal process of verifying the legality of a will.

prosecute: To start civil or criminal proceedings against.

power of attorney: A legal document allowing one person to act as the agent of another.

solicitor: In English Canada and in parts of Australia, a type of lawyer who historically held the same role as above, but whose role has in modern times been merged with that of a barrister.

statute: Written law, as laid down by the legislature.

tenant: One who pays a fee (rent) in return for the use of land, buildings, or other property owned by others.

tort: An injury or wrong. [from the mid-13th c.]

tribunal: an assembly including one or more judges to conduct judicial business; a court of law

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Definitions from Wiktionary under the GNU FDL.
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